Such a reticence can be attributed to one's being ashamed of Christ. But here, the key to entering rest is revealed: belief. As Christ, the Messiah, anointed for the office both of … I"m not angry and upset. And so Jesus the High Priest of our confession, greater than Moses in that Moses was only a servant in the house. They, somehow, were looking at their own resources and looking at the power of the enemy. But for the time being in chapter three, he is going to show us the superiority of Jesus over Moses through whom the priesthood was established. You can"t be serious." And I said, They have not known my ways, so I swore in my wrath, "They shall not enter into my rest."". I"m cognizant of their need. One steals who presumes upon tomorrow; tomorrow belongs to God; "Behold now is the acceptable time; behold now is the day of salvation" (2 Corinthians 6:2). And Moses indeed was faithful in all his house as a servant, as a testimony of those things which were afterward to be spoken. And again later on we"ll be called to consider Jesus. In this verse, disobedience is made the basis of God's denying Israel the right to enter Canaan, the "rest" spoken of being a reference to their dwelling in that good land, rather than a mention of the sabbath day, the sabbath day, of course, being a rest that they did actually receive and enjoy throughout their whole history. It"s sort of a constant trial where God wants you to come into that fullness of the life in the Spirit and know the victory of the Spirit of God within your life, entering into that rich fullness of the Lord. Nowhere else in scripture is the title of "Apostle" applied to Christ, but it certainly fits the office of our Lord as the official messenger from heaven, since the primary meaning of the word is "one sent or commissioned for some important communication"; and although the word "apostle" is not in other places used of Christ, the meaning of it surely is. as a son over his own house--rather, "over His (GOD'S, … This verse is engraved in letters of stone over the principal portal of the Central Church of Christ, Houston, Texas. Moses, you misrepresented Me. Both accomplished their missions. The Christian Hebrews reproved for their little progress in the knowledge of the gospel. Now he is going to declare we have a high priest, and in time he is going to show the superiority of our High Priest over the priests who are after the order of Levi. Moses' body was buried and saw corruption; Christ's was spared that by means of the resurrection. And yet it all could have been different. What do the majority say about God, Christ, the church, baptism, the Lord's Supper, Christian living, sobriety, virtue, prayer, and piety? It promises knowledge, as in the case of Adam and Eve, but provides with that knowledge a devastating sense of shame, guilt, and bitterness. We would have been better to have stayed in Egypt. Hebrews 3:1 The term “holy” or “saint” is one of the most frequent descriptions of God’s people in the New Testament. Hebrews 3 Verse 1 Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of a heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our confession, even Jesus. The Jewish system, no less than the Christian, was divine in its origin; and many New Testament passages emphasize the connection of Old Testament references with that new Israel which supplanted the old (1 Corinthians 10:6,11; Romans 15:4; John 5:39; Acts 17:2,3). They were used to the high priest going in on the Day of Atonement and making atonement for the sins of the people. Christ was rejected and crucified. The overwhelming power of the admonition delivered by the Holy Spirit in this paragraph is seen in the rules, or techniques laid down, by which a truly successful Christian life may be achieved and strengthened. Unbelief Caused Their Fall. And so he"s going to show the superiority of Jesus. The Christian system is contained prophetically in the old. whose house we are, [the house of Jesus Christ, the building of God, the church, the place where God has chosen to dwell] if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end ( Hebrews 3:6 ). 18, p. 885. "The heavens declare the glory of God" (Psalms 19:1). The Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Hebrews Commentary by A. R. FAUSSET CHAPTER 3 Hbr 3:1-19.THE SON OF GOD GREATER THAN MOSES, WHEREFORE UNBELIEF TOWARDS HIM WILL INCUR A HEAVIER PUNISHMENT THAN BEFELL UNBELIEVING ISRAEL IN THE WILDERNESS. That lost generation of the Israelites suffered incredible hardships in the wilderness, being subject to the incursions of armed enemies, enduring hunger and thirst and wretchedness, being exposed to the sickening agonies inflicted by poisonous serpents, finding no certain habitation, marching every day of their lives in step with frustration, disease and death. Wherefore, holy brethren (Hebrews 3:1), The word wherefore immediately leads us back to that which is immediately preceding, and that is the declaration of the superiority of Jesus over the angels. "Lord, that"s been the ambition of my life. We are the royal priesthood. Wherefore, I was displeased with this generation, And said, They do always err in their heart: But they did not know my ways; As I sware in my wrath, They shall not enter into my rest. You have to have one that built the church. We can"t take the land. For example, Quisling is the name of a Norwegian collaborator with the Nazi invaders which came to signify "traitor. The statement of Paul underlines the fact that life does not come to people a day at a time, but a moment at a time; hence, NOW is the day of salvation. I wonder who drew up the designs." The Greek margin (English Revised Version (1885)) shows these words to be literally, "if they shall enter into my rest"; but the context demands a translation of such an idiomatic phrase in words that cannot be mistaken. Israel was baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea (1 Corinthians 10:2); spiritual Israel are baptized into Christ (Galatians 3:27). "I was angry." We"ve got to know that there is greater power with us than that which is against us. Regarding the word "confidence," its rather broad meaning accentuates the unity of this verse with the statement in Hebrews 3:6, "glorying of our hope." They came to the waters of Meribah, which means strife. But Christ is faithful as the Son over God’s house. . Instead of glorying in their faith and exhorting one another daily to maintain it, they permitted themselves to drift away from it, until in an evil hour they found themselves in a state of rebellion against God. It was long centuries after God had built or established that house in which Moses served, that Jesus was born in Bethlehem; and the identification of Jesus in this verse as the builder of that house places him upon an equality with God. ", "These things were all a shadow of things to come. Apostasy comes under consideration again in Hebrews 6:1-8, where from its treatment there, it cannot possibly be doubted that the author is warning his readers against a present real, and impending danger, a threat to any Christian who might allow an evil heart of unbelief to develop within him. Moses' mission pertained only to Israel, Christ's, ultimately, to the "whole creation" (Mark 16:15). If we hold fast our boldness emphasizes the necessity of perseverance in the Christian life, if one is to win the crown. Our confession is not reference to some formal subscription to any such thing as a creed but is used here to mean the holy religion of Christ. These people attended different congregations until the time mentioned; and neither of them had the slightest idea that the other was a Christian! Therefore: From the previous chapter, we are left with the picture of Jesus as our heavenly High Priest. Therefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, a. ", "I know that the heaven of heavens cannot contain you, how much less this house that we have built. Moses appeared with Christ on the mount of transfiguration but was caught away, so that people saw "Jesus only" (Matthew 17:8). Here again, as in Hebrews 3:6, is given the necessity for believers to continue faithfully and enthusiastically "to the end"; what end? This passage shows that the exclusion of Israel grew out of moral necessity, their unbelief having betrayed them into outright rebellion against God. Respect to such a unity does not contradict the fact of progression in the will of God as he moved to abolish the old covenant and establish the new. Considering Jesus. We would have been better to have stayed in Egypt." For Moses, a servant in the house bringing them the testimony of God and the law of God, could not lead them into the rest. Why those long weeks of deathly silence, wherein even some parents speak no loving words of exhortation? It is extremely appropriate that the Being within whom the life principle is self-contained, and whose existence is eternally in the present tense ("I AM that I AM" - Exodus 3:14), should be called the living God. They do always err in their hearts; but they did not know my ways. [1] Thomas David Parks, The Evidence of God in an Expanding Universe (New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1958), p. 74. (2) Some are ashamed of Christ. We have no water. What does Hebrews 3:7 mean? You go out and speak to the rock that it might bring forth water." Paul calls them, "holy brethren and partakers of the heavenly calling." cit., p. 85. [10] T. Brooks, The Biblical Illustrator (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House, 1967), Hebrews, Vol. They"d come out of the bondage of Egypt. He is deserving of more honor and glory. For some, when they had heard, did provoke: howbeit not all that came out of Egypt by Moses. God gave them the right to enter Canaan immediately upon their coming out of Egypt, but through unbelief and disobedience they failed to enter, Never, perhaps, in human history is there so clearly outlined a case in which the religious and spiritual failures of a people issued so promptly and irrevocably in their temporal and physical poverty as well, leaving the lesson for all to see. Moses was not a high priest; Christ is the eternal High Priest. Hebrews 3 – Jesus …is more worthy of glory than Moses.. Background/Context • In chapter 2 : 5-18, the writer demonstrated that Christ was superior to the angels insofar as he had, on our behalf, consented to partake of our humanity, to come to earth and share our lives in every way, to become our brother, and, then, as a man, to suffer and die in our place to secure our peace with God.1 The inauguration of the Law of Moses and that of Christ had this in common: that three thousand souls were involved in each case, three thousand being lost at Sinai, three thousand being saved at Pentecost (Exodus 32:38; Acts 2:38ff). 3 Jesus has been found worthy of greater honor than Moses, just as the builder of a house has greater honor than the house itself. Christ said, "And this is the judgment, that light has come into the world, and men loved the darkness rather than the light; for their works were evil" (John 3:19). Both wrought many miracles, signs and wonders. The common versions are therefore correct. Thus their holiness was not in any sense a consequence of their being born of Jewish parents, a preponderantly Gentile congregation receiving the same designation (1 Thessalonians 5:26, margin). We can"t do it. Hebrews chapter 3 makes an important shift in topic. People's deceitful hearts subconsciously desire to be deceived, thus making the deception far easier and more extensive than otherwise. This basic unity of God's heavenly establishment, changed though the covenant was, is attested by the deliberate judgment of mankind in binding both the Old and New Testaments into a single volume to form the Bible. That Israel deserved to die instantly for their sin appears in the fact that God was ready thus to punish them but yielded to the intercession of Moses (Exodus 32:32). People of the present day are confronted with exactly the same danger. Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our confession, Christ Jesus ( Hebrews 3:1 ); Here we are called upon to consider Jesus, and that"s what the book of Hebrews, really, is all about. Moses did not lead the people into the promised land; Christ does lead the people into glory. It is with this very attitude that people are invited to consider Christ. (5) The most important and all-encompassing reason for their failure was their unbelief, a condition bluntly noted in Hebrews 3:19 and Hebrews 4:2, below. In their birth, both became sons of virgin princesses, Moses through adoption by Pharaoh's daughter, Christ by means of the incarnation, and his birth by miracle, of the virgin Mary. Is warning them to maintain their hope that they have come to in Christ and hold fast that confidence and the rejoicing of hope unto the end. And we see is a transitional phrase which means, "We see in the familiar record of the Pentateuch," or "We see in the details just mentioned." People have always counted it a privilege to fight and die for liberty, if need be; but here was a generation that simply could not bring themselves to do it. This singles out the principal superiority of Christ over Moses and affords another glimpse of the deity and Godhead of Christ, making Christ to be the builder of the house in which Moses served. Jesus, our chief priest. God said, "Moses, they"re thirsty. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 3:1-6 Christ is to be considered as the Apostle of our profession, the Messenger sent by God to men, the great Revealer of that faith which we profess to hold, and of that hope which we profess to have. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1965), p. 77. It is important for us to notice their failure was the failure of faith. Christ's representation here as High Priest is a part of the argument for his superiority over Moses, who was not a high priest. Thus the warning in this place is dramatically intensified by an appeal to the historic disaster that prevented a whole generation from entering Canaan. You represented Me as being angry and upset. Five definite facts emerge from this verse: (1) that it is possible for Christians to fall away from the living God; (2) that such a disaster is due to an unbelieving heart; (3) that an unbelieving heart is evil (not merely `smart'); (4) that God is not a mere influence but a living person; and (5) that there are adequate grounds upon which a Christian may avoid falling away. For every house is builded by some man ( Hebrews 3:4 ); That is the idea of the effect and a cause. People provoked God earlier in their history, then they came to Kadesh-Barnea the scripture says, but wretchedness! Sacred things on earth the mere copies of things to come, Christ a. 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